A research study from The University of Queensland School of Medicine, Ochsner Clinical School, New Orleans, LA

Background

The flipped classroom is a student-centered approach to learning that increases active learning for the student compared to traditional classroom-based instruction. In the flipped classroom model, students are first exposed to the learning material through didactics outside of the classroom, usually in the form of written material, voice-over lectures, or videos.

During the formal teaching time, an instructor facilitates student-driven discussion of the material via case scenarios, allowing for complex problem solving, peer interaction, and a deep understanding of the concepts. A successful flipped classroom should have three goals:

  1. Allow the students to become critical thinkers
  2. Fully engage students and instructors
  3. Stimulate the development of a deep understanding of the material.

The flipped classroom model includes teaching and learning methods that can appeal to all four generations in the academic environment.

Results

When comparing the students taught by traditional methods to those taught in the flipped classroom model, saw a statistically significant increase in test scores in Rotation 2.

While the average score for the flipped classroom group increased in Rotation 3 on the obstetrics section, the difference was not statistically significant.

Unexpectedly, the average score on the gynecology portion of the multiple-choice question examination decreased among the flipped classroom group compared to the traditional teaching group, and this decrease was statistically significant.

For both the obstetrics and the gynecology portions, researchers found statistically significant increases in the scores for the flipped classroom group in both Rotation 2 and Rotation 3 compared to the traditional teaching group.

With the exception of the gynecology portion of the multiple-choice question examination in Rotation 3, we saw improvement in scores after the implementation of the flipped classroom.

CHART-flipclass-genY-research

Conclusion

The flipped classroom is a feasible and useful alternative to the traditional classroom. It is a method that embraces Generation Y’s need for active learning in a group setting while maintaining a traditional classroom method for introducing the information.

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Active learning increases student engagement and can lead to improved retention of material as demonstrated on standard examinations.