A research study from The University of Queensland School of Medicine, Ochsner Clinical School, New Orleans, LA

Background

The flipped classroom is a student-centered approach to learning that increases active learning for the student compared to traditional classroom-based instruction. In the flipped classroom model, students are first exposed to the learning material through didactics outside of the classroom, usually in the form of written material, voice-over lectures, or videos.

During the formal teaching time, an instructor facilitates student-driven discussion of the material via case scenarios, allowing for complex problem solving, peer interaction, and a deep understanding of the concepts. A successful flipped classroom should have three goals:

  1. Allow the students to become critical thinkers
  2. Fully engage students and instructors
  3. Stimulate the development of a deep understanding of the material.

The flipped classroom model includes teaching and learning methods that can appeal to all four generations in the academic environment.

Results

When comparing the students taught by traditional methods to those taught in the flipped classroom model, saw a statistically significant increase in test scores in Rotation 2.

While the average score for the flipped classroom group increased in Rotation 3 on the obstetrics section, the difference was not statistically significant.

Unexpectedly, the average score on the gynecology portion of the multiple-choice question examination decreased among the flipped classroom group compared to the traditional teaching group, and this decrease was statistically significant.

For both the obstetrics and the gynecology portions, researchers found statistically significant increases in the scores for the flipped classroom group in both Rotation 2 and Rotation 3 compared to the traditional teaching group.

With the exception of the gynecology portion of the multiple-choice question examination in Rotation 3, we saw improvement in scores after the implementation of the flipped classroom.

CHART-flipclass-genY-research

Conclusion

The flipped classroom is a feasible and useful alternative to the traditional classroom. It is a method that embraces Generation Y’s need for active learning in a group setting while maintaining a traditional classroom method for introducing the information.

Tweet this! #FlipClass Embraces #GenY Need for Active Learning & Maintains Traditional Classrooms

Active learning increases student engagement and can lead to improved retention of material as demonstrated on standard examinations.

A randomized, controlled research study from the China Medical Board published this week found undergraduate medical students learned  principles of electrocardiogram better with a flipped-learning instructional model.

Background

Interpreting an electrocardiogram (ECG) is not only one of the most important parts of clinical diagnostics but also one of the most difficult topics to teach and learn. In order to enable medical students to master ECG interpretation skills in a limited teaching period, the flipped teaching method has been recommended by previous research to improve teaching effect on undergraduate ECG learning.

Methods

A randomized controlled trial for ECG learning was conducted, involving 181 junior-year medical undergraduates using a flipped classroom as an experimental intervention, compared with Lecture-Based Learning (LBL) as a control group. All participants took an examination one week after the intervention by analysing 20 ECGs from actual clinical cases and submitting their ECG reports. A self-administered questionnaire was also used to evaluate the students’ attitudes, total learning time, and conditions under each teaching method.

Results

The students in the experimental group scored significantly higher than the control group (8.72 ± 1.01 vs 8.03 ± 1.01, t = 4.549, P = 0.000) on ECG interpretation. The vast majority of the students in the flipped classroom group held positive attitudes toward the flipped classroom method and also supported LBL. There was no significant difference (4.07 ± 0.96 vs 4.16 ± 0.89, Z = − 0.948, P = 0.343) between the groups. Prior to class, the students in the flipped class group devoted significantly more time than those in the control group (42.33 ± 22.19 vs 30.55 ± 10.15, t = 4.586, P = 0.000), whereas after class, the time spent by the two groups were not significantly different (56.50 ± 46.80 vs 54.62 ± 31.77, t = 0.317, P = 0.752).

Conclusion
Flipped classroom teaching can improve medical students’ interest in learning and their self-learning abilities. It is an effective teaching model that needs to be further studied and promoted.

Source:
Friend or Foe? Flipped Classroom for Undergraduate Electrocardiogram Learning: a Randomized Controlled Study

MORE on Flipped Class & BLENDED LEARNING

 

Internet Security

If you haven’t seen the  Norse Global Real-Time Attack Map, I highly recommend it as both visually fascinating and informative. The site provides a geographical display of live cyber attacks along with the origin, attack type, and target.

What Is A DDOS

A Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack is an attempt to make an online service unavailable by overwhelming it with traffic from multiple sources.

They target a wide variety of important resources, from banks to news websites, and present a major challenge to making sure people can publish and access important information.

WordFence–a company that monitors and provides the leading protection for WordPress sites, issued their December 2016 WordPress Attack Activity Report which showed an increase in both brute force (password guessing) and complex attacks.

What About Your OWN Protection?

The value of anti-virus protection is directly related to the consequences of not having anti-virus software. The increases in viruses and malicious code make the Internet unsafe if you’re aware nor prepared.

Web sites get attacked and hacked all the time. Whether the Internet is a safe or a secure place for even the most tech-savvy user often debated.

Users of email and visitors of many different websites have a relatively high likelihood of accidentally downloading some form of malware or becoming the victim of an identity-stealing scam.

Your computer AND smartphone need an antivirus program which you can trust to keeping your system clean and secure from harmful virus, worms and attacks through scanning process. A trusted anti-virus software will stop problems BEFORE they start by detecting suspicious websites and files that contain malicious programs before they enter your computer and they’ll block malicious tracking software from being downloaded to your system.malicious tracking software from being downloaded to your system.

Consumer Affairs Best Antivirus Software Reviews

Antivirus software is used to detect, prevent and remove viruses and spyware, stop hacking and phishing attacks and protect consumers from identity theft. This software is essential to prevent loss of data and personal information and to keep computers and mobile devices running effectively.

Most antivirus software now runs on PC, Mac and Android and iOS mobile devices and may include a firewall to prevent access to computers and networks.

Parental monitoring options keep minors protected by limiting access to selected websites.

Whatever YOUR choice, make sure ALL your Internet-connected devices are protected, to ensure your data & privacy information is safe.

VIEW THEIR COMPLETE LIST & DETAILED COMPARISONS HERE: https://www.consumeraffairs.com/computers/antivirus-software/

 

HAL 9000 Artificial Intelligence (from movie 2001)

“Robotics and AI have become one of the most prominent technological trends of our century.
The fast increase of their use and development brings new and difficult challenges to our society”, writes Delvaux. Therefore, the reasoning goes, “robots and artificial intelligence (AI) would increase their interaction with humans”, raising “legal and ethical issues which require a prompt intervention at EU level”.

I’m Afraid I Can’t Do That*

Science fiction meets science fact and thee three laws of robots just appeared in a draft European Parliament committee report on robots and artificial intelligence titled: Workshop on Robotics & Artificial Intelligence.

While it is a non-binding document, these rules could be adopted by the EU this month.

Read the full article: http://delano.lu/d/detail/news/im-afraid-i-cant-do/132457

IF you’re not familiar with where the title of the article comes from, you MUST watch the historical scene (2:11 min)  from the ground-breaking 1968 movie 2001.
The movie is partially based on Arthur C. Clarke’s short story The Sentinal, first published in a fantasy magazine (1951).

In the clip, astronaut Dave argues with HAL9000 AI:

3 Laws For Robots

The Three Laws of Robotics (often shortened to The Three Laws or known as Asimov’s Laws) are a set of rules devised by the science fiction author Isaac Asimov involving artificial intelligence and explained by him in the archived video below.

The rules were first introduced in his 1942 short story “Runaround“, although they had been foreshadowed in a few earlier stories. The Three Laws, quoted as being from the “Handbook of Robotics, 56th Edition, 2058 A.D.”, are:

  1. A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
  2. A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
  3. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Laws.

Top Experts predict what will transform eLearning in 2017

A big THANK YOU to Joomla LMS for including me recently, in their very nice “flip book” of educational technology predictions.

It’s a fantastic compilation of varied educational technology experts.  Out of space concerns, they edited my rather lengthy response (if you’re interested, it’s included in full below).

Embedded below is the flipbook. Click the tiny white arrows to flip through the 14 experts’ opinions.

 

Full site page: elearning edTech Experts Predict the Future

 

My full answer regarding e-Learning Transformation in 2017

It’s an exciting time to be involved in eLearning! As I look ahead to the new year, there are six areas that I believe will transform eLearning in 2017.

First to improve eLearning in the coming year, are the developments in cloud computing and SAAS (the application layer). These technological advances provide for anywhere, anytime, anywhere & any device access to amazing and innovative online tools.

These tools include powerful creation & collaboration applications, interactive media, and opportunities to share and interact with anyone in the world.

These increased computing innovations will lead to continued eLearning advances with both open and proprietary learning management systems (LMS) for creating engaging and interactive learning ecosystems for students, teachers, institutions, and communities. Examples include: Google Classroom, the Award-winning Schoology, and Canvas. Nearly 20 years later, even Blackboard has completely overhauled their LMS to the new cloud-based “Learn Ultra”.

Second is simply the evolution of ideas and the adoption of new and different pedagogies. I believe we’ve finally stopped moving the lecture classroom to the virtual world and are seeing an increase in student-centered courses. Students are excited to have more options with how they engage with the curriculum, while being encouraged to interact with the content. In addition, they’re provided with increased opportunities to interact with classmates, the instructor, and the world. Importantly, they’re given choices in how they’re evaluated and are often able to create demonstrations of understanding and standards mastery.

The combination of technological innovation and changes in learning theory allows for the most important aspect of eLearning, which is the ability to individualize and personalize student learning. This will continue to be a critical driver in 2017 as educators at all levels use eLearning to reach students at whatever level the student is at and, provide an individualized learning pathway that ensures student success.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is rapidly developing and we’ve already started to see the introduction of chatbots into classes. Ashok Goel, a computer science professor at Georgia Tech made news when it was revealed his students didn’t know their TA was in fact an AI chatbot. Microsoft and Facebook are rapidly advancing the development of chatbots. Google recently released their new Pixal phone with built-in AI and as of this writing, ChatBot.org has 77 publicly available and programmable chatbots available for anyone in their education and learning category..

The fifth important factor for eLearning is a good instructor. While the “digital natives” are good with using technology it takes a skilled instructor with expertise and experience to truly connect with students and build relationships that foster student engagement through the virtual morass. In the coming year, more focus will be on instructors making important connections with their learners.

It might sound like a contradiction to tout the advances of AI chatbots in eLearning while also saying human instructors are important but there’s an important difference. AI chatbots take care of the routine, fact-based tasks (ex FAQs)  that can now free-up the teacher to truly teach and work with individuals. Good teachers who are flexible, innovative, creative and can connect and inspire students will be difficult to be replaced by AI.

The last item I believe will transform eLearning in the coming year are certifications earned for successfully completing online courses. Whether an eLearning course is a MOOC or a micro-course, I think we’ll see greater recognition for the value of the learning experience as represented by earning a certificate. More institutions will include them in degree programs. Additionally, more career opportunities will be opened as industries grow to recognize the value of a quality eLearning pathway.

In conclusion, eLearning continues to grow in exciting ways that are being embraced by a wider audience and enhanced with innovative technological advances. Elearning will continue to make an impact on education.

In summary, the items I believe will transform eLearning in 2017 are:

  • Continued advances in cloud computing
  • New instructional models
  • Student-centered learning
  • Artificial intelligence (chatbots), combined with:
  • Great instructors and
  • A greater recognition & applicability for certificates earned online

If you have a thought or question regarding my list of six items, let me know, I’d enjoy hearing from you!

Thank you,

Kevin Corbett

★Consider ADDing These Contributing EdTech Experts To YOUR PLN